The terminal value
This chapter, A Strategy's Value, discusses management considerations on estimating the benefit of a strategy (as part of the strategy formulation process, the subject of this online book), and specifically how to compute value added during the growth phase and when the strategy is mature. The next five pages are the core to discussions on setting stretch goals.
Back to the Story Line
A "boss," recently invited to join the senior management strategy committee, has been asked to recommend to her colleagues the discount rate to use to assess new offerings. We are at the key calculations  when the strategy is fully implemented, what is it worth?
The terminal value, the second part of the formula, represents value of a mature project after implementation.
There are very many calculation
approaches for the terminal value, two I'll discuss: annuity method and
market value to sales ratio. After estimating the terminal value,
we discount it to the present value and add it to the NPV of the growth phase to compute value added.
The management considerations about the mature project are will revenues continue to grow (market value to sales ratio) or will its gross margin just pay the debt expenses (annuity method).
Calculate the Terminal Value's Present Value in Excel
For a discount rate of 10%, Excel formula
for present value would be:
67.17 =PV(10%,6,0,119,0)
10% is the discount rate; this is the sixth year; no payments
(the NPV calculation accounts
for the first five years); 119 is the terminal value (and by
convention
in the formula, a negative
number since we could "sell" the program and withdraw that cash);
and
finally
we'd withdraw that value at the end of sixth year, in the Excel a
0.
How do we determine the terminal value of 119?
WACC Considerations 

Annuity Method

